An endometrial biopsy is a simple procedure for taking a sample of the lining of the uterus. It may be done to check for problems with the uterus.
The uterus is the organ at the top of the vagina. Babies develop in the uterus, and menstrual blood comes from the uterus. The lining of the uterus is called the endometrium.
Examples of reasons for doing this procedure are:
Examples of alternatives to this procedure are:
Another alternative is to choose not to have any procedure, recognizing the possible risks of your condition. You should ask your healthcare provider about these choices.
Follow instructions provided by your healthcare provider. Your provider may prescribe a mild pain pill to take an hour before the biopsy.
You don’t need an anesthetic for this test. The procedure can be done in your healthcare provider's office.
You will lie on your back on an exam table and put the heels of your feet in stirrup heel holders, just as you would for a pelvic exam. Your healthcare provider will place a speculum in your vagina. The speculum holds open the walls of the vagina so your provider can see the cervix (the opening of the uterus). Your provider will clean your cervix. Then he or she might need to gently stretch open the cervix with thin dilating sticks. Your provider will insert a tiny strawlike tube into your vagina and then into the uterus through the cervix. The tube will be used to remove a sample of the lining of the uterine wall. The sample will go to the lab for tests.
You may have mild cramps during the procedure.
You may leave in a few minutes after the procedure is done. You may have some cramping and bleeding after the procedure. Mild pain medicine should help relieve any discomfort.
Ask your healthcare provider when you can expect to hear the results of the biopsy. Also ask what steps you should take and when you should come back for a checkup.
You should ask your healthcare provider how these risks apply to you.
Call your provider right away if:
Call during office hours if: