Stomach cancer is the growth of abnormal cells in the inner lining of the stomach.
Stomach cancer is also called gastric cancer.
The exact cause of stomach cancer is not known. Several conditions may increase the risk of stomach cancer, such as:
People who have stomach cancer have very few symptoms until late in the disease. Some possible symptoms of stomach cancer are:
Stomach cancer is hard to find in its early stages because it causes few or no symptoms. Your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms and examine you. Tests may include:
The treatment depends on how far along the cancer is and if it has spread. Treatment may include:
If the tumor is blocking the opening to the stomach and the cancer cannot be completely removed with standard surgery, you may be treated with radiation therapy, with or without chemotherapy. The following procedures may be done:
If the passage from the end of the stomach into the small bowel, called the duodenum, is blocked by the tumor, the blockage may be bypassed by attaching the upper stomach to the middle part of the small bowel (the jejunum).
The cancer may be curable if it is caught early and has not spread through the stomach lining. The cancer is usually not curable if it has spread beyond the stomach lining. Ask your healthcare provider what you can expect with the stage of cancer that you have.
For more information, contact:
Getting treatment for pernicious anemia, gastritis, or H. pylori, if you are diagnosed with these problems, may help prevent stomach cancer.