Hemorrhoid banding is a treatment for hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are swollen veins and tissue in the lower rectum and anus. They can cause pain, bleeding, and itching. Your healthcare provider can destroy hemorrhoids by putting a tight band around the swollen veins.
Hemorrhoid banding is just one way to treat hemorrhoids. Examples of alternatives to this procedure are:
You should ask your healthcare provider about these choices.
Plan for your recovery and care after the procedure. Follow instructions provided by your healthcare provider.
You may not need any anesthesia, or you may be given a local anesthetic. A local anesthetic numbs part of your body while you remain awake. It should keep you from feeling pain.
Your healthcare provider will put an anoscope into your anus. An anoscope is a tubelike instrument with a light. It is used to examine and treat the lower rectum and anal canal. Your provider will use the scope to see the hemorrhoid and put 1 or 2 tiny rubber bands around the base of the swollen vein. This cuts off blood flow to the hemorrhoid. The lack of blood flow will cause the hemorrhoid to dry up and fall in 1 to 2 weeks. Your provider may also cut the hemorrhoid open and remove any blood clots.
You may have trouble passing urine and controlling gas and bowel movements for a few days after this operation. You may have a feeling of fullness in the lower abdomen, or you may feel like you need to have a bowel movement.
Most of the time the discomfort is mild. Your healthcare provider can provide pain medicine if needed.
Avoid all heavy lifting for 2 or 3 weeks. You may go back to work in a day or two, depending on the type of work you do.
Ask your healthcare provider what other steps you should take and when you should come back for a checkup. You may need several treatments.
Hemorrhoid banding is effective in most cases. The hemorrhoids that were banded should no longer cause itching, bleeding, or pain.
You should ask your healthcare provider how these risks apply to you.
Call your provider right away if:
Call during office hours if: