Hypocalcemia means that the level of calcium in the blood is lower than normal.
Calcium is a mineral that is very important for:
Some possible causes of hypocalcemia are:
Symptoms of severe hypocalcemia include:
Your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms and examine you. You will have blood tests to confirm the diagnosis. Your parathyroid gland and kidneys will also be checked.
Your treatment will depend on the cause. You will usually take an oral calcium supplement. Severe hypocalcemia is usually treated with shots of calcium gluconate. You may have shots of vitamin D or take vitamin D supplements. If you have low magnesium levels, you will need more magnesium.
Most people recover completely, especially if the problem is diagnosed early enough. Severe hypocalcemia can be life threatening.
Make sure that you get enough calcium and vitamin D each day, either in foods or as supplements.
Hypocalcemia that is caused by problems with the parathyroid gland or the kidneys cannot be prevented.