Illness or injury can make it hard to do some of the everyday things you used to do. Occupational therapy (OT) helps you regain these skills or learn new ways to do things. For example, you may learn new ways to:
You may need OT if you have had:
If you are a frail older adult, the therapist can check your ability to wash, bathe, and dress. He or she can help you know what kind of help you may need.
The therapist helps you learn ways to do everyday tasks despite your disability or illness. The therapist may:
Physical therapy (PT) looks at how your body functions. It looks mainly at muscle strength, joint functions, and your ability to control your movements. It often involves exercises so you can get stronger and move around better.
OT looks at how you will do basic tasks after an injury or with a disability. It can help you learn to do things differently or use tools to adapt to a disability.
Physical and occupational therapists often work together to help you. After serious injury or illness, most people have both types of therapy.
OT can be done in the hospital, in a clinic, or at home.
Medicare helps pay for medically necessary therapy when:
Medicare pays a percentage of an OT bill that it approves. If you need therapy when you are a patient in the hospital, the therapy is part of the total bill. Medicare pays the hospital a specific rate based on your medical problem. You are responsible for deductibles and parts of the bills not covered by Medicare. If you have a Medicare supplemental plan, the plan may cover these charges. The amounts you must pay may be higher if an occupational therapist does not accept Medicare assignment.