People who have passive aggressive personality disorder (PAPD) seem to go along with what people want even though it upsets them. They tend to see others as nosy, demanding, and pushy. They do not express feelings directly, but instead find indirect ways to try to punish or control others.
This disorder usually starts in the early adult years. The causes are unknown. Experts think it may be caused by chemical differences in the brain or nervous system. It might also be related to problems in the family such as abuse, financial stresses, death of loved ones, or mental illness.
People who have this disorder:
Your healthcare provider or therapist will ask about your symptoms and examine you. He or she may also:
You may be asked to complete a personality test.
Several kinds of therapy may be helpful:
Psychotherapy can help you see yourself more clearly. It helps you understand the reasons for your behavior and to recognize the effects of your behavior on others. This can help you change behaviors that get in the way of living a satisfying life. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a way to help you identify and change thoughts you have that are not realistic. CBT can make you aware of unhealthy ways of thinking. It can also help you learn new thought and behavior patterns.
Medicine is not used to treat this disorder, but may help if you also have problems with anxiety or depression. You may be hospitalized if you are suicidal.
If your symptoms are seriously interfering with your daily life, seek help from your healthcare provider or a mental health professional. Treatment can make a big difference in the quality of your life. Without treatment this disorder will be lifelong.
For more information, contact: