A sprain is an injury that causes a stretch or a tear in a ligament. Ligaments are strong bands of tissue that connect bones at a joint.
Sprains may be classified as mild, moderate, or severe.
A twisting or severe stretching of a joint is the usual cause of a sprain.
Your healthcare provider will examine your injury. You may have an X-ray to make sure you have not broken a bone.
The general rule for treating sprains is R-I-C-E:
Some sprains with complete tearing of ligaments may need surgery.
Most sprains occur from accidents that are not easily prevented. However, make sure you wear proper shoes for your activities. Watch for uneven surfaces when you are walking or exercising.