Infertility is not being able to get pregnant after having sex without birth control for at least a year. It can be caused by problems in a man's or a woman's body.
Most often, a man is not able to get a woman pregnant because his body does not make enough sperm or the sperm are not normal. Problems with sperm can happen for many reasons. For example:
Some of the things you do may affect how many sperm you have. For example:
Sometimes the problem may be getting the sperm into your partner's vagina:
Some diseases (such as diabetes) and medicines can also cause problems. Lubricants used during sex may also make it harder for your sperm to get your partner pregnant. Also, men are less fertile as they get older.
You and your partner will be examined by your healthcare provider. You will be asked about your sexual history and your medical history.
You may also have these tests:
If your healthcare provider finds a problem that makes it hard for you to get your partner pregnant, he or she will treat the problem.
You may need to do one or more of these things:
You have some other choices for treatment:
All of this can be hard for you and your partner. It can help to get counseling.
There are many things you can do to lower your chances of being infertile.