A seizure happens when nerve signals in the brain are not working right. This can cause strange feelings and actions. Sometimes muscles will twitch or jerk. You may even lose consciousness.
A seizure can happen for many reasons. You may have a seizure if you:
You might also have a seizure when:
Often it is not known why you started having seizures. If you have several seizures and no cause is found, you may have a condition called epilepsy.
Here are some of the symptoms of a seizure:
The 2 most common types of seizures are:
Your healthcare provider will try to find and treat a cause for the seizures. Your provider may give you medicine to help stop the seizures. Talk to your provider about your medicine and how long you will have to take it.
Your friends and family should know first aid for seizures and CPR. When you have a seizure, they should:
It will also help to:
Someone should call 911 if:
If you are not breathing, someone should start giving you CPR and keep giving it until the ambulance arrives.
If you keep having seizures one right after another or have one seizure for a long time, it can be dangerous. You may not be getting enough oxygen. It is a medical emergency and you will need help.
At work or at school:
Call your healthcare provider if: